Tropical marine lakes are small land-locked marine waterbodies occurring in karstic coastal areas. During biodiversity surveys in 12 marine lakes in Raja Ampat, Southwest Papua province, Indonesia, we recorded at least 37 species belonging to 29 genera of hard corals. Their observed associated symbiont fauna consisted of bivalve molluscs and polychaete worms. Marine lake temperature ranged from 30.0 to 32.5 °C, acidity from pH 7.6 to 8.1, and salinity from 26.4 to 33.2 ppt. This study provides the first inventory of the marginal coral communities in the extreme habitat of marine lakes, under chronic extreme environmental conditions of higher temperatures, land-based nutrient loads, and sedimentation.

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Staff publications

Becking, L., Martinez, S., Aji, Ludi Parwadani, Ahmad, Awaludinnoer, Alzate, A., Folkers, M., … Hoeksema, B. (2024). Stony Corals and Their Associated Fauna Residing in Marine Lakes under Extreme Environmental Conditions. Diversity, 16(5). doi:10.3390/d16050295