A clambering bamboo endemic to Braian mountain, southern Vietnam represents a new monotypic endemic genus, Cochinchinochloa H.N.Nguyen & V.T.Tran (Gramineae: Bambusoideae-Bambusinae), which is described and illustrated. Its culm nodes and the nodes of leafy branches exhibit a thick swollen patella, and in the reproductive state this taxon bears pseudospikelets having two perfect florets, with an elongated rachilla internode between the perfect florets, a rachilla extension bearing an imperfect floret at maturity, a narrowly 2-keeled palea with a distinct abaxial groove, three lodicules, six stamens, free filaments, a glabrous ovary with a long style and three stigmas, and an oblong caryopsis with a relatively thin pericarp.

Bambusinae, Bambusoideae, Cochinchinochloa, C. braiana, new genus, taxonomy
Blumea: Biodiversity, Evolution and Biogeography of Plants

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Naturalis journals & series

Nguyen, H.N, Tran, V.T, & Hoang, T.T. (2013). Cochinchinochloa (Gramineae: Bambusoideae-Bambusineae), a new bamboo genus endemic to Braian mountain, southern Vietnam. Blumea: Biodiversity, Evolution and Biogeography of Plants, 58(1), 28–32.