Dynamics of microbiomes through time are fundamental regarding survival and resilience of their hosts when facing environmental alterations. As for marine species with commercial applications, such as marine sponges, assessing the temporal change of prokaryotic communities allows us to better consider the adaptation of sponges to aquaculture designs. The present study aims to investigate the factors shaping the microbiome of the sponge Dactylospongia metachromia, in a context of aquaculture development in French Polynesia, Rangiroa, Tuamotu archipelago. A temporal approach targeting explants collected during farming trials revealed a relative high stability of the prokaryotic diversity, meanwhile a complementary biogeographical study confrmed a spatial specifcity amongst samples at diferent longitudinal scales. Results from this additional spatial analysis confrmed that diferences in prokaryotic communities might frst be explained by environmental changes (mainly temperature and salinity), while no signifcant efect of the host phylogeny was observed. The core community of D. metachromia is thus characterized by a high spatiotemporal constancy, which is a good prospect for the sustainable exploitation of this species towards drug development. Indeed, a microbiome stability across locations and throughout the farming process, as evidenced by our results, should go against a negative infuence of sponge translocation during in situ aquaculture.

, , , , ,
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

Released under the CC-BY 4.0 ("Attribution 4.0 International") License

Staff publications

Maslin, Mathilde, Paix, B., van der Windt, N., Ambo-Rappe, Rohani, Debitus, Cécile, Gaertner-Mazouni, Nabila, … de Voogd, N. (2024). Prokaryotic communities of the French Polynesian sponge Dactylospongia metachromia display a site-specific and stable diversity during an aquaculture trial. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 117(1). doi:10.1007/s10482-024-01962-0