The haplolepideous mosses (Dicranidae) comprise about 4000 species distributed over a wide range of habitats, with great gametophytic and sporophytic morphological variation. Their monophyly is well supported by the results of several molecular phylogenetic studies, which shed light on their relationships and circumscriptions, and thus also contributed to identify many remaining problems. Dicranidae ordinal classification is not congruent with current relationship hypotheses and is not supported by morphology. Morphological circumscriptions of some families do not correspond to monophyletic groups. Furthermore, the monophyly of many families and genera with weak morphological circumscriptions remains to be tested. In this thesis, systematics and relationships of the leucobryoid mosses and some families and genera segregated from the former Dicranaceae s.l. were studied using molecular phylogenetic methods. 37 out of the 38 haplolepideous moss families were represented by markers from the three genomes (nrITS, nad5, trnS-trnF, atpB-rbcL). Phylogenetic reconstructions were based on maximum parsimony, maximum likelihood, and Bayesian inference. Ancestral state reconstructions, phylogenetic network analysis (NeighborNet), and relationship hypothesis testing (Shimodaira-Hasegawa test) were performed to contribute to the interpretation of the results of the phylogenetic reconstructions. Morphological circumscriptions were evaluated and improved whenever possible, in line with the results of all analyses performed.

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Staff publications

Bonfim Santos, M. (2024, January 23). Contributions to the phylogeny of the haplolepideous mosses.