A comprehensive morphological and genetic study of type material and new collections of sequestrate Russulales species formerly belonging to the genera Arcangeliella, Elasmomyces, Gymnomyces, Hydnangium, Hymenogaster, Macowanites, Martellia, Secotium and Zelleromyces is here undertaken, for the purpose of providing a complete taxonomical revision of sequestrate Russulaceae species in the Mediterranean and temperate regions of Europe. As a result, seven distinct taxa in the genus Lactarius and 18 in the genus Russula are identified. Six of them are new species: L. populicola, L. subgiennensis, R. bavarica, R. candidissima, R. hobartiae and R. mediterraneensis, and seven represent new combinations: L. josserandii (≡ Zelleromyces josserandii), L. soehneri (≡ Hydnangium soehneri), R. candida (≡ Hydnangium candidum), R. cerea (≡ Hydnangium cereum), R. messapica var. messapicoides (≡ Macowanites messapicoides), R. meridionalis (≡ Zelleromyces meridionalis) and R. neuhoffii (≡ Hydnangium neuhoffii). Twenty-two of the 25 taxa are illustrated, while descriptions, microscopy images, as well as extensive information on the ecology, chorology and phylogeny for all taxa are provided. A key is further included to facilitate their identification.

Additional Metadata
Keywords angiocarpic, Arcangeliella, Elasmomyces, Europe, Gymnomyces, Lactarius, Macowanites, Martellia, pseudoangiocarpic, taxonomy, Zelleromyces
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.3767/persoonia.2019.42.06
Journal Persoonia - Molecular Phylogeny and Evolution of Fungi
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Released under the CC-BY 4.0 ("Attribution") License

Citation
Vidal, J.M, Alvarado, P, Loizides, M, Konstantinidis, G, Chachuła, P, Mleczko, P, … Llistosella, J. (2019). A phylogenetic and taxonomic revision of sequestrate Russulaceae in Mediterranean and temperate Europe. Persoonia - Molecular Phylogeny and Evolution of Fungi, 42, 127–185. doi:10.3767/persoonia.2019.42.06