Over two centuries of taxonomic studies on the species rich genus Phyllanthus have culminated in a broad and complicated classification with many subgenera and (sub)sections. Past taxonomic work has only focused on local revisions, mostly because of the size of the genus. In this study we aim to summarize most of the taxonomic work in a list containing the infrageneric delimitations of Phyllanthus. This work will serve as a reference, placing most currently recognized species in subgenera and if possible, in sections for further study. Here we recognize 880 species of Phyllanthus, classified in 18 subgenera, 70 sections and 14 subsections. A few taxonomic changes are necessary to reconcile published phylogenetic data with the current classification. Subsections Callidisci and Odontadenii are raised to sectional rank, while section Eleutherogynium and section Physoglochidion are reduced to subsections and P. oxycarpus is transferred to the genus Glochidion. A provisional key for the subgeneric classification of Phyllanthus is provided.

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Keywords infrageneric taxonomy, pantropical, paraphyletic, Phyllanthaceae, Phyllanthus
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.3767/blumea.2018.63.02.14
Journal Blumea: Biodiversity, Evolution and Biogeography of Plants
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Released under the CC-BY 4.0 ("Attribution") License

Citation
Bouman, R. W., Keβler, P.J.A, Telford, I. R. H., Bruhl, J.J, & van Welzen, P.C. (2018). Subgeneric delimitation of the plant genus Phyllanthus (Phyllanthaceae). Blumea: Biodiversity, Evolution and Biogeography of Plants, 63, 167–198. doi:10.3767/blumea.2018.63.02.14