We introduce 15 new species of Penicillium isolated from a diverse range of locations, including Canada, Costa Rica, Germany, Italy, New Zealand, Tanzania, USA and the Dry Valleys of Antarctica, from a variety of habitats, including leaf surfaces in tropical rain forests, soil eaten by chimpanzees, infrabuccal pockets of carpenter ants, intestinal contents of caterpillars and soil. The new species are classified in sections Aspergilloides (1), Canescentia (2), Charlesia (1), Exilicaulis (3), Lanata-Divaricata (7) and Stolkia (1). Each is characterised and described using classical morphology, LC-MS based extrolite analyses and multigene phylogenies based on ITS, BenA and CaM. Significant extrolites detected include andrastin, pulvilloric acid, penitrem A and citrinin amongst many others.

Additional Metadata
Keywords beta-tubulin, calmodulin, internal transcribed spacer rDNA region, Trichocomaceae
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.3767/003158516X691627
Journal Persoonia - Molecular Phylogeny and Evolution of Fungi
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Released under the CC-BY 4.0 ("Attribution") License

Citation
Visagie, C.M, Renaud, J.B, Burgess, K.M.N, Malloch, D.W, Clark, D, Ketch, L, … Seifert, K.A. (2016). Fifteen new species of Penicillium. Persoonia - Molecular Phylogeny and Evolution of Fungi, 36, 247–280. doi:10.3767/003158516X691627