Five years after the commissioning of the offshore wind farm Egmond aan Zee, the monopiles and the rocks of the scour protection layers were covered by a wide variety of marine organisms. This paper describes the results of qualitative and quantitative assessments carried out in 2008 and 2011. The assessments were based on video footage, pictures and samples collected by divers at three different wind turbines. The ecological relevance of identified taxa is also discussed.

offshore wind farms, Netherlands, biodiversity, benthic zone
Nederlandse Faunistische Mededelingen

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Naturalis journals & series

Bouma, S, & Lengkeek, W. (2013). Benthic communities on hard substrates within the first Dutch offshore wind farm (OWEZ). Nederlandse Faunistische Mededelingen, 41, 59–67.