An integrated approach to delimiting species borders in the genus Chrysotoxum Meigen, 1803 (Diptera: Syrphidae), with description of two new species
Integrative taxonomy tests the validity of taxa using methods additional to traditional morphology. The existence of two different morphotypes in specimens identified as Chrysotoxum vernale Loew (Diptera: Syrphidae) prompted their taxonomic study using an integrative approach that included morphology, wing and male-surstylus geometric morphometrics, genetic and ecological analyses. As a result, a new species is recognised, Chrysotoxum montanum Nedeljković & Vujić sp. nov., and C. vernale is re-defined. A lectotype and paralectotypes are designated for C. vernale to stabilize this concept. An additional species, Chrysotoxum orthostylum Vujić sp. nov., with distinctive male genitalia is also described. The three species share an antenna with the basoflagellomere shorter than the scape plus pedicel and terga with yellow fasciae not reaching the lateral margins. This study confirms the value of integrative approach for resolving species boundaries.
|Keywords||Balkan Peninsula, C. montanum sp. nov., C. orthostylum sp. nov., ecological niche, geometric morphometry, lectotype, mtDNA COI sequences, Syrphinae|
|Journal||Contributions to Zoology|
|Rights||Released under the CC-BY 4.0 ("Attribution") License|
Nedeljković, Z, Ačanski, J, Đan, M, Obreht-Vidaković, D, Ricarte, A, & Vujić, A. (2015). An integrated approach to delimiting species borders in the genus Chrysotoxum Meigen, 1803 (Diptera: Syrphidae), with description of two new species. Contributions to Zoology, 84(4), 285–304.