This paper forms a part of the general study of the Subtribe Paronychiinae undertaken by the author for his doctoral dissertation. The publication of the new taxa, in a separate form, has been necessitated by the fact that the Flora of Turkey, covering the Family Caryophyllaceae, is to be published in the near future, at any rate before the author can present a consolidated account of the results of his own study of the group. The present paper deals only with the diagnosis and description of the new taxa, presented in a rather conventional manner, and no attempt is made to go into details of the various morphological and taxonomic problems pertaining to the genus Paronychia as a whole. Such problems will, of course, be taken up in the general revision of the group.