Wood samples of a number of Cinchoneae and Naucleeae sensu Schumann were studied, and the results compared with data found in the literature. On the whole the representatives of the Cinchoneae appeared to show a rather high degree of similarity among each other with the exception, however, of the genera Coutarea, Exostemma, Corynanthe, Crossopteryx, and Hymenodictyon. The creation of the tribe Coptosapelteae and its inclusion in the Ixoroideae seem to be corroborated by the particular character of the wood anatomy. The restriction of the Naucleeae to Nauclea L. ( Sarcocephalus Afzel.) is not supported by the anatomy of the wood.