The recognition of both Thuringian macroscopic plant remains ( Ullmannia bronni, Ullmannia frumentaria, Quadrocladus orobiformis, etc.) and miospores (Lueckisporites virkkiae, Nuskoisporites dulhuntyi, Falcisporites zapfei, Klausipollenites schaubergeri, etc.) in the Upper Palaeozoic deposits of the Estérel evidences the presence of Upper Permian sediments as well as an important centre of Late Permian volcanic activity in southern France.