Three pollen diagrams from the Peel peatlands, a raised bog area in the southern part of The Netherlands reveal the post-Boreal vegetation history of that region. There are two or three land-occupation phases in the Neolithic and Bronze ages, that show but low values of terrestrial herbs. They are negatively correlated with Ulmus. The Fagus curve starts slightly below the first occupation phase at around 2500 B.C. In the Subatlantic there is an Iron age and a Medieval occupation phase with higher values of terrestrial herbs. Fagus shows two maxima, one at the beginning of our era and another at around 700 A.D. The trend of the pollen curves for bog species is discussed in relation to bog development.