A method of the ghost range calculation is proposed to assess the congruence between a cladogram and the fossil record and to compare cladograms on this basis. The method is tested on a set of cladograms developed recently to reveal the phylogeny of the hymenopterous insects (Order Vespida), and the results are discussed.

phylogeny, cladogram, ghost range, fossil record, Vespida, Hymenoptera
Contributions to Zoology

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Naturalis journals & series

Rasnitsyn, A. P. (2000). Testing cladograms by fossil record: the ghost range test. Contributions to Zoology, 69(4), 251–258.