On request of the Army, several voluminous bibliographies nave been published in Japan during the war. Advanced scientists accomplished the work in collaboration with teams of students by using Japanese libraries. The first of these bibliographies appeared in 1942, the last in 1944. They were apparently already planned before the war and intended to form one of the sources of information for the Intelligence Service. They were published under the general title ’Bibliographic Index for the study of the natural resources of the Great Asia co-prosperity sphere’ and compiled by the Department of Education, Dai Nippon.