Lactarius necator is neotypified with a collection from Sweden that fits well with the sanctioning description. The plate of Bulliard representing the original concept of Agaricus necator, is excluded from the type diagnosis. It is demonstrated that A. plumbeus is not conspecific with A. necator, and the alternative use of the name Lactarius plumbeus (Bull.: Fr.) Gray, as recently proposed by Heilmann-Clausen et al. (1998) is rejected.