Species of Encephalartos, commonly known as bread trees, bread palms or cycads are native to Africa; the genus encompasses more than 60 species and represents an important component of the indigenous African, flora. Recently, a leaf blight disease was noted on several E. altensteinii plants growing at the foot of Table Mountain, in the Kirstenbosch Botanical Gardens of South Africa. Preliminary isolations from dead and dying leaves of E. altensteinii,, E. lebomboensis and E. princeps, collected from South Africa, revealed the presence of several novel, microfungi on this host. Novelties include Phaeomoniella capensis, Saccharata kirstenboschensis, Teratosphaeria, altensteinii and T. encephalarti. New host records of species previously only known to occur on Proteaceae include, Cladophialophora proteae and Catenulostroma microsporum, as well as a hyperparasite, Dactylaria leptosphaeriicola, occurring on ascomata of T. encephalarti.

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Persoonia - Molecular Phylogeny and Evolution of Fungi

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Naturalis journals & series

Crous, PW, Wood, A.R, Okada, G, & Groenewald, J.Z. (2008). Foliicolous microfungi occurring on Encephalartos. Persoonia - Molecular Phylogeny and Evolution of Fungi, 21(1), 135–146.