Several Ramaria taxa with yellow fruitbodies have been sheltered under the epithet R. flava in Europe. Redescriptions are furnished for Ramaria flava, R. flavescens, R. lutea, R. rasilispora var. scatesiana, and R. schildii. Ramaria brunneicontusa, R. flavicingula, R. obtusissima var. scandinavica, R. pallido-saponaria, and R. vittadinii are proposed as new. Keys are offered for worldwide taxa of Ramaria subg. Laeticolora with smooth spores and to taxa with fruitbodies exhibiting a yellow color band at stipe apex.