Four species of Fimaria Vel. are described. The following new combinations are made: Fimaria hepatica (Batsch per Pers.) Brumm., F. cervaria (Phill. apud J. Stevenson) Brumm., and F. theioleuca (Roll.) Brumm. Ascobolus vinosus Berk., A. fuckelii J. Kunze, A. piceus (Limminghe) ex Cooke, and Fimaria murina Vel. are reduced to the synonymy of Fimaria hepatica.