The list of new localities of rare species and interesting records of more common species found in the Netherlands mainly during 1976, has been subdivided into three categories: A. Netherlands species; B. Adventitious species; C. Species escaped from cultivation. In comparison with former lists category A includes the species — also naturalised ones — belonging to the Netherlands Flora, as established by the Floristic Council in 1975 and inserted in the Standard List of the Netherlands Flora 1975 (ARNOLDS & VAN DER MEIJDEN, 1976). In list A comments have been added, where necessary; adventitious records of Netherlands species are indicated with adv., escapes from cultivation with verw. In list B and C the names of the species, new for the Netherlands, are in bold type.