Cass., J. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88 (1819) 193; Hoffmann, E. & P., Nat. Pfl. Fam. 4, 5 (1894) 172. Herbs. Leaves nearly always alternate, sometimes rosulate, mostly entire, sometimes dentate, rarely pinnatifid. Heads solitary or in inflorescences, homogamous or heterogamous; phyllaries one- to many-seriate, herbaceous or membranous; corolla of marginal flowers filiform, dentate, or ligulate, of disc flowers tubular, (4- or) 5-dentate; anthers sagittate and mostly caudate at the base; style two-armed; achene small, pappus setaceous, sometimes consisting of scales, or wanting; receptacle naked.