We describe and illustrate Paepalanthus sphaeroides (Eriocaulaceae, Paepalanthoideae) from the Mantiqueira Range in South-eastern Brazil and compare it with the morphologically most similar species: Paepalanthus aequalis and Paepalanthus eriophaeus. Paepalanthus sphaeroides has unique membranaceous sheaths tightly adpressed to the scapes, patent involucral bracts slightly surpassing the capitula, and sepals of the staminate flowers fused from the base to the middle as distinctive characteristics. Comments on morphological variation, geographical distribution, ecology, conservation status, as well as a distribution map, line drawings, and photos are provided.

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Blumea: Biodiversity, Evolution and Biogeography of Plants

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Trovó, M, Echternacht, L, & Sano, P.T. (2012). Paepalanthus sphaeroides, a new species of Eriocaulaceae from the Atlantic Forest, Brazil. Blumea: Biodiversity, Evolution and Biogeography of Plants, 57(2), 105–108.