The older generic name Basananthe is accepted over Tryphostemma. In this Central-, East- and South African genus 25 species are recognized. Subdivision into sections is abandoned. Key to the species, descriptions, illustration of leaves, citation of examined specimens, distribution maps, index accounting for all names pertaining to the genus. The monotypic genus Carania is sunk into Basananthe. Many reductions, new combinations, 6 new species.