This is the fifth volume in the series of reference books on the anatomy of the Monocotyledons edited by the former Keeper of the Jodrell Laboratory at Kew, Dr. C. R. Metcalfe. It is the second volume of which he is both the author and the editor, his first contribution being volume I on the Gramineae. The book starts with an introductory part with notes on techniques and materials, general considerations on morphology and anatomy of the family, and a discussion of the taxonomic implications of the anatomical findings. The bulk consists of descriptions of leaf, culm, rhizome, and root anatomy of 280 species from 90 genera. For each genus data from literature have been abstracted in a special section by Miss Mary Gregory. Taxonomic notes are also given for each genus.