Enchosanthera Guill. and Anplectrella Furtado are synonyms of Creochiton Bl. (Melastomataceae); 5 new combinations are proposed for the latter genus. Some species-complexes in Dissochaela Bl. are discussed and partial keys given; one new species is described and a new combination proposed. The proposal to conserve Marumia Bl. over Macrolenes Naud. is rejected.