A taxonomic revision of Plagiogyriaceae is presented. One genus and 11 species are recognised. One species, P. egenolfioides, is subdivided into four varieties. Only one species, P. pectinata, occurs in the New World, all others in the Old World. One species, P. glauca, and one variety, P. egenolfioides var. decrescens, extend east to the S Pacific islands (Solomons).