The monotypic genus Urariopsis, based on Uraria cordifolia Wall., has been compared with several S.E. Asiatic species of Uraria. The species Uraria prunellaefolia, U. collettii, and U. barbata are considered to be most closely related to U. cordifolia. The pods of U. cordifolia and U. collettii consist of longitudinally flattened, peltate loments, those of U. prunellaefolia consist of laterally flattened, longitudinally arranged loments; in the other species the loments are laterally flattened and zig-zag folded. No correlating characters were found, and the differences in shape of the pods are not considered sufficient ground to distinguish groups on generic level. Notes on morphology, nomenclature, and geographic distribution are presented.