The closely related genera Scurrula and Taxillus are reviewed for the Malesian region as a precursor to a treatment for Flora Malesiana. Scurrula is represented in the region by 8 species, of which S. aphodastrica and S. didyma are described as new. Taxillus is represented by one species, T. chinensis. The two genera are part of a floristic element of Gondwanan derivation which has reached the region from the Asian mainland, undergoing limited species radiation, and making a limited advance eastwards across Charles’ Line.