The Surinam representatives of the cichlid genus Crenicichla Heckel, 1840 are reviewed. Seven species, among which three new to science, have been found, viz.: C. albopunctata Pellegrin, 1904, C. coppenamensis sp. n., C. nickeriensis sp. n., C. saxatilis (L., 1758), C. sipaliwini sp. n., C. lugubris Heckel, 1840, and C. multispinosa Pellegrin, 1903. The first five species are compared with each other, with C. alta Eigenmann, 1912, from Guyana, and with C. labrina (Spix & Agassiz, 1829) from the Tocantins River. Crenicichla saxatilis was recently redescribed and figured (Ploeg, 1986a); the other six species are described and figured in the present paper.