A list is provided of the 115 Tipulidae taxa from the Iberian Peninsula and the 7 taxa from the Balearic Islands. A description is given of Tipula (Yamatotipula) submontium nov. spec. The following statements, with regard to the zoogeography of the Tipulidae from the Peninsula, are presented: 91% of the present-day fauna descend from european immigrants in the late Pleistocene (50 taxa) or in the Holocene (55 taxa), only 9% (10 taxa) from immigrants in earlier times of the Pleistocene. The iberian element in the present-day fauna of Europe comprises about 10 taxa which entered western and middle Europe during Holocene times.