Porcupines of the genus Trichys occur in Malaya, Sumatra and Borneo. In the present paper the confused nomenclatorial history is described and arguments are put forward to show that Hystrix fasciculata Shaw, 1801 (Malay Peninsula) is referable to Trichys Günther, 1877, and not to Atherurus F. Cuvier, 1829. In the interest of stability of nomenclature, a neotype of Trichys fasciculata (Shaw, 1801) is designated. The evidence presented demonstrates that, on the basis of the scarce material available now, the three populations must be considered one species without subspecific division.