Cercariae have been collected and studied from two sampling areas, situated at a distance of about 5 km of one another, South-East of Amsterdam. Thirteen species are mentioned in this paper, seven of which are reported from the Netherlands for the first time. Two species are described in detail: an echinostome cercaria tentatively identified as Cercaria deficipinnata Khan, 1960, and a new xiphidiocercaria belonging to the group “armatae”, named Cercaria otiosa n. sp. The cercarial fauna in the two sampling areas is compared, and possible causes of differences are briefly discussed.