The material studied was taken by Berlese-Tullgren funnels. From the about 60 pauropod species occurring in the Brazilian Amazonas region, this paper deals only with 23 species belonging to 6 genera. Only 3 species are spread all over the region, 15 species are restricted to one locality. The mean and the maximal abundance is more or less the same as in central Europe. Most of the species prefer the moderately wet habitats in the Terra firme. In their abundance and frequence two species show a correlation with seasons. Among eight species in which the males are missing, two are supposed to be parthenogenetic.