Flora of the Netherlands Antilles , Volume 2 - Issue 1 p. 71- 87
Herbs, shrubs, or small trees, sometimes scandent; stems slightly to strongly nodose, the vascular bundles distinct and sometimes scattered. Leaves simple, entire, alternate or less frequently opposite or verticillate, mostly petiolate; stipules, when present, commonly adnate to the petiole. Flowers very small, bisexual in most American species, lacking a perianth, sessile in the axils of bracts of various forms, in more or less fleshy spikes, or, in the genus Ottonia (not present in our area) pedicellate in spike-like racemes; stamens commonly 2 to 5 (1—10), the anthers longitudinally dehiscent; pistil 1, 1-celled, the ovule basal; stigmas 1—5, sessile or on a style. Fruit a drupe with thin pericarp and small seed, the embryo embedded in endosperm. A large family of wide distribution throughout the warm parts of both hemispheres.
|Flora of the Netherlands Antilles|
|Released under the CC-BY 4.0 ("Attribution") License|
|Organisation||Naturalis journals & series|
Yuncker, T.G. (1966). Piperaceae. Flora of the Netherlands Antilles, 2(1), 71–87.