Tropical oceanic islands owe their origin to volcanic eruptions, their location to plate tectonics, and their morphology to the interplay over time between a range of constructional and erosional processes. A broad distinction can be made between high volcanic islands, with summits up to 4,000 m, and low carbonate islands only a few metres above sea level.

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Scripta Geologica

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Naturalis journals & series

Viles, H. A., & Spencer, T. (2011). Terrestrial and coastal landscape evolution on tropical oceanic islands. Scripta Geologica, 142, 7–8.