Pleistocene vertebrates from Celebes : XIV. Additions to the Archidiskodon-Celebochoerus fauna
Zoologische Mededelingen , Volume 46 - Issue 1 p. 1- 16
A joint Dutch-Indonesian expedition to Celebes in 1970 worked especially in the Beru area whence the first described Pleistocene Celebes vertebrate remains came. In the present contribution I shall describe the most important specimens that have been brought to light. My thanks are due to Mr. R. P. Soejono for permission to take certain specimens with me to the Netherlands for study and comparison. The expedition was financed by the Netherlands Foundation for the Advancement of Tropical Research (Wotro) at The Hague. No further remains of Elasmobranchii (sharks and sting rays: Hooijer, 1954b) were found at Sompoh, so there are no additions on that score. Of the giant land tortoise, originally described as Testudo margae Hooijer (1948), an abundance of material has been examined from Timor island (Hooijer, 1971). This has led to the conclusion that the fossil tortoise of Timor as well as that of Celebes are indistinguishable from Geochelone atlas (Falconer & Cautley) from the Early Pleistocene of the Siwaliks of India and of Java. The distribution of this species from the south-east Asiatic continent beyond Wallace's Line to Celebes and Timor is the result of overseas dispersal. In the 1970 collection from Celebes there are two first neurals from Sompoh, 15/7/1970, and Marale, 17/7/1970, respectively, the proximal dylus siamensis Schneider, still extant in the Malay Archipelago (Java and Borneo), is represented not only by tooth and bone fragments from Beru, 14/7/1970, and Tjangkange, 1/8/1970, but also by coprolites, up to 35 mm in diameters, from Sompoh and Tjalio, 3/7/1970, 50 m terrace south of the road, in orange sand. end of a radius from Tjangkange, 1/8/1970, and shell fragments from
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Hooijer, D.A. (1972). Pleistocene vertebrates from Celebes : XIV. Additions to the Archidiskodon-Celebochoerus fauna. Zoologische Mededelingen, 46(1), 1–16.