When studying the European Caridea of the Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie at Leiden and of the Zoological Museum at Amsterdam, some specimens of the genus Pandalina came at hand, which proved to belong to a new species. These specimens had already been reported upon by Hoek (1882), who considered them to be Pandalina brevirostris (Rathke). Comparison with typical specimens of Pandalina brevirostris, however, showed various constant differences, which in my opinion justify the separation of Hoek's specimens as a distinct species. In the present paper an enumeration of the specimens of both species of Pandalina present in the above mentioned Musea is given. Pandalina profunda nov. spec. (fig. 1a-c) Pandalus brevirostris Hoek, 1882, Niederl. Arch. Zool., suppl. vol. 1 pt. 7, p. 22,pl. 1 fig. 10 (non Pandalus brevirostris Rathke, 1843). Pandalus brevirostris A. Milne Edwards, 1883, Rec. Fig. Crust. nouv. peu conn., pl. 26 fig. 2. Pandalina brevirostris Schellenberg, 1928, Tierw. Deutschl., vol. 10 pt. 2, fig. 7 (non p. 16, figs. 8, 9). Museum Leiden: Barents Sea; 1878-1879; Willem Barents Expedition. — 4 specimens 24-28 mm 1). Bergen, Norway; 1907. — 1 ovigerous ♀ 25 mm. Description : The rostrum is short, it reaches to the middle of the second segment of the antennular peduncle ; it is straight or directed slightly upward at the apex. The upper margin is provided with eight to ten teeth; the anterior three or four of which are immovable, the posterior teeth articulate with the carapace. The lower margin of the rostrum is provided with three