A review is given of the tortuous history of the name Gonydactylus Kuhl and Van Hasselt, 1822. It is concluded that the name is invalid. Goniodactylus and Gonyodactylus are unjustified emendations. As type-species Cyrtodactylus pulchella Gray, 1827, is selected, making Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827, a junior objective synonym and protecting Tarentola Gray, 1825. A lectotype for Cyrtodactylus marmorata Gray, 1831, is designated. The nomenclatural consequences of the subgeneric division of Cyrtopodion Fitzinger, 1843, are examined.