The genus Calliphara is described. Its 15 species and 6 additional subspecies are classified into 4 species-groups on the basis of the morphology of the male genitalia, and a key is provided for their separation. Calliphara solomonensis sp. nov. from the Solomon Is. and C. vollenhoveni sp. nov. from the Bismarck Archipelago are described. A synonymic catalogue of all species-group taxa within the genus is given. Fifteen lectotype designations are made. The history and relationships of Calliphara are discussed. Notacalliphara gen. nov. is founded for Calliphara rostrata Distant, and Notacalliphara pseudofasciata sp. nov. from New Guinea is described. Paracalliphara gen. nov. is founded for Calliphara flagrans (Walker).