Pieter Bleeker described 72 new species and 10 new genera of elopoid and clupeoid fishes from the Indo-Malayan Archipelago. From amongst the Bleeker material in the Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie in Leiden and the British Museum (Natural History) in London, it has been possible to find the holotypes or designate lectotypes or putative neotypes for almost all these species. The types are fully described, with notes on synonymies and affinities. Of the species listed, 24 are considered senior synonyms, and 5 Bleeker genera are accepted.