Palynological residues from surface sediments in the Banda Sea (Indonesia) are characterised by the presence of chitinous palynomorph types that can be correlated with exoskeletons of crustaceans, notably calanoid copepods. A series of 27 palynomorph types are described and informally categorised. Also the quantitatively prominent transparent palynodebris and its diffuse degradation products are derived from crustaceans. Selective preservation of the chitinous remains is considered to be related to the effects of high plankton production and high sedimentation rate.