A short introduction provides some information about the Iron Library, a foundation of Georg Fischer Ltd, at Schaffhausen, which was established in 1949, to enable scientists and students the study of its historic collection, which is mainly concentrated on mining and metals, but includes all other related fields. Some outstanding details about the collection will be presented. The main topic of the contribution will be the research of Johann Jacob Scheuchzer (1672-1733) in the Swiss Alps. His research interests were similar to those of the well known universal scientist Conrad Gessner (1516-1565) and Johann Jakob Wagner (1641-1695), considered to be pioneers of the Alpine research in Switzerland. It is followed by biographical statements about Johann Jacob Scheuchzer and some comments about the recognition he has found in scientific circles. Furthermore, his theories about the history of the earth and the diluvium will be mentioned as well as his scientific error in the misclassification of the „Homo diluvii testis'', which has to be regarded under the aspect of the theological views about cosmology in the 17th and 18th century. More detailed is the information about the research in the Alps and the geological studies during his different expeditions, which Scheuchzer has described in his main work, „Naturgeschichte des Schweizerlandes", published at the end of the 17th and the beginning of the 18th centuries. Special attention will be given to Scheuchzer's observations about ore deposits and the production of gold, silver, iron, copper, lead, tin, and brass.

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Journal Scripta Geologica. Special Issue

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Bouheiry, A. (2004). [Proceedings of the VII international symposium 'Cultural heritage in geosciences, mining and metallurgy : libraries, archives, museums' : "Museums and their collections" held at the Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum Leiden (The Netherlands), 19-23 May, 2003 / Cor F. Winkler Prins and Stephen K. Donovan (editors)]: Johann Jacob Scheuchzer (1672-1733) und die Alpenerforschung in der Schweiz - aus den Beständen der Eisenbibliothek. Scripta Geologica. Special Issue, 4(6), 25–34.