Contemporary distributions of Panurginus species and subspecies in Europe (Apoidea: Andrenidae: Panurginae)
Contemporary distributions of Panurginus species and subspecies in Europe (Apoidea: Andrenidae: Panurginae) The largest number of Old World Panurginus Nylander, 1848 species is distributed in the West- Palaearctic. The genus is absent in Africa and rather rare in the East-Palaearctic. Warncke (1972, 1987), who is the main author treating Palaearctic Panurginae in the last decades, subdivided Panurginus into a small number of species, including two principal taxa admitting for each a very large number of subspecies: Panurginus brullei (Lepeletier, 1841) and Panurginus montanus Giraud, 1861. Following recent works, the two latter are in fact complexes of closely related species. In the West-Palaearctic context, distributions of certain species implied in these complexes appear as very singular, distinct of mostly all other Panurginae ranges and highly interesting from a fundamental point of view. Based on a cartographic approach, the causes which influence (or have conditioned, in the past) the observed ranges of these species are discussed.
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|European Invertebrate Survey - the Netherlands, Leiden|
|M. Reemer , P.J. Helsdingen , R.M.J.C. Kleukers|
Pattiny, S. (2003). Contemporary distributions of Panurginus species and subspecies in Europe (Apoidea: Andrenidae: Panurginae). In M Reemer, P.J Helsdingen, & R.M.J.C Kleukers (Eds.), Changes in ranges: invertebrates on the move. Proceedings of the 13th International Colloquium of the European Invertebrate Survey, Leiden, 2-5 September 2001 (pp. 115–121). European Invertebrate Survey - the Netherlands, Leiden.