Key to the Dutch centipedes (Myriapoda: Chilopoda) With this key it is possible to identify the Dutch species of centipedes. In the introductory paragraphs the terminology of the body is explained. Subsequently, the body segments with pore fields and carpophage structure, the head with ocelli and coxosternum with prosternal teeth, the legs with setae code, and male and female gonopods are described. The key is based on the work of Brölemann (1930), Eason (1964, 1966, 1980, 1982), Keay (1995), and Koren (1986, 1992). All discriminating characters are checked with Dutch specimens and adapted to the Dutch situation, if necessary. The drawings are based on Dutch material. Additional to the key, a table with setae location on leg 14 and 15 of Lithobius-species is given. Detailed drawings of the left part of the coxosternum and femeroid of Geophilomorpha and Scolopendromorpha species and the ocelli arrangement, coxosternum, and female gonopods of species of the Lithobiomorpha are added.